General background information
In 1977, Québec’s National Assembly adopted the Charter of the French Language (Bill 101), which states that all children, except those who meet specific criteria, must be educated in French until the end of their secondary studies, whether in a public school or in a subsidized private school. The Charter does not apply to Quebec’s colleges, universities and non-subsidized private institutions.
Under the Charter of the French Language, children in the following three categories may be enrolled in English-language schools:
- Children who are permanent residents of Quebec and who qualify for a certificate of eligibility for instruction in English.
- Children who are permanent residents of Quebec and who are entitled to receive instruction in English under a special authorization.
- Children who are living in Quebec temporarily and who qualify for temporary authorization to receive instruction in English.